- Access to experienced landlords who want to encourage good letting practices in Guernsey and are happy to share their experiences and offer advice and support.
- We have produced a plain-speaking standard 1 year rolling lease which is the most common form of lease used for rental residential property in Guernsey. This is free for our members to use by logging in to the private, members only, part of the website.
- We have produced a booklet ‘A Landlords Guide to Residential Lettings and Code of Good Practice’, and can be downloaded from the website, or posted to you on request using our ‘Contact us’ form on the website. This is also available at places like Citizens Advice.
- We hold 2 or 3 open meetings a year where landlords can get together and discuss problems or common issues. We usually invite 1 or 2 guest speakers to talk to us about relevant topics.
- We are sometimes asked to participate in feedback to various public consultations and topical issues, by both States bodies and the media. So the more members we have the greater respect and influence we can have. This benefits all our members.
- We have produced this website and aim to include more areas on the website members area, such as reports and newsletters, and possible offers from companies that might provide us with services such as cleaning.
You can complete an application form which you will find on our website. This tells you the annual membership fee and explains the membership period and how to send the form and your first payment to us.
Yes the GPRLA booklet can help existing and prospective tenants as well as existing and prospective landlords, States bodies, the media and the public in general. You do not have to be a member of GPRLA to get this benefit, but it gives a clear understanding of our association and what we consider to be good letting practice.
It contains information on:
- Professional Lettings and Management
- Property Standards
- Health and Safety Procedures
- House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) or Lodging House
- Commencement of a Lease
- Handover of a Property
- Collection of Rents
- Grounds for Possession and Protection from Eviction
- End of a Lease
- Taxes and Allowances
- Useful Contacts
- Glossary of Terms
A lease is an agreement between two parties, the landlord and the tenant. It is also a contractual document that can be brought before the Court as evidence should either the landlord or the tenant fall in breach of their contract.
Both landlord and tenant will have a copy. Both copies are signed by both landlord and tenant and signing is normally witnessed by a third party.
The lease should be kept in a safe and secure place as it is an important document.
Yes, absolutely. A lease should be arranged for ALL accommodation owned or operated by a landlord regardless of size, purpose or type of property.
A lease will contain important obligations on the part of both the landlord and the tenant. The rights and the duties expected from both sides is made clear and is for all parties to see.
The lease states who the landlord and tenant/s are, where the property is, who can live there and what the deposit and the rent will be. It should also state what rent change will happen in the event that the tenancy continues for longer than a year. Usually a deposit of at least 1 month’s rent would be required at the beginning of the tenancy, and rent would expect to be increased annually by inflation.
It details what the tenants’ responsibilities are, such as cleaning including the windows, taking out the bins (and on what days), keeping the communal areas in flats clean and unimpeded and looking after the garden where it is for sole use of a property not divided into flats. It should also state whether there is parking and where, when the rent is due, whether the tenant will maintain electrical and gas appliances and boilers, and that the tenant will insure their contents and the inside of the property for fire and similar risks.
It details what the landlord’ responsibilities are, such as maintenance of the outside so will typically provide a property that is wind and water tight, that the property is maintained and has buildings insurance and insurance of the landlord’s contents. For properties which share communal areas, e.g. flats, the gardens are maintained by the landlord.
This is by no means a definitive list, reference to your responsibilities should be determined by reading the actual lease.
In Guernsey residential leases are usually for 1 year. The length of time should be stated clearly in the lease. At the end of the year some landlords require a new lease to be signed to allow continued occupation of the property, typically for another year. Other landlords use rolling leases that can be extended without the need for a new lease, and these state a notice period, typically 2 months.
A rolling lease is one that may be extended indefinitely or for a further specified term. Leases extended indefinitely will state the length of notice to be given by either landlord or tenant if they decide they want the arrangement to end. The GPRLA standard lease used by many of our members is a 1 year rolling lease.
The GPRLA lease available to and used by many of our members is a 1 year rolling residential lease. This lease can cater for one, several or even many years of occupancy during a single tenancy. It is a plain speaking lease, avoiding legal jargon where possible, so it is easily understood by landlords and tenants. After the initial year the lease rolls on indefinitely, to be terminated at the end of a set notice period initiated by either tenant or landlord.
On a fixed term lease the lease will end on the fixed date stated. On a rolling lease the term will end by the giving of notice by either landlord or tenant within the notice period stated in the lease.
At the end of the lease the property’s use reverts to the landlord and the tenant usually has to leave the property with their possessions. Once the lease has been terminated, the property will usually have to be left in the condition it was in at the start of the lease prior to the tenant having moved in.
If both the landlord and the tenant are happy with the arrangement then there is every likelihood that the lease can be renewed and extended for a further similar term. The arrangement can continue on a rolling basis on the same conditions without the need for a whole new document. A landlord will usually draw up a lease extension document. Equally, the landlord may issue a new lease or simply continue with the original one.
Exclusive possession means that the tenant must have full possession of the landlord’s rental property and have exclusive use of, or, part use of that property. This allows the tenant to enjoy the use of the property uninterrupted for the term of the lease provided the tenant adheres to the terms and conditions specified in the lease. (Always refer to the terms of the lease.)
Within that it is normal for the landlord to make regular inspections of the property and the tenant must allow access for this, for workmen to make any repairs that are the landlord’s responsibility that might be needed, and for the landlords to show the property to prospective new tenants when the tenancy is in its notice period. The lease should make mention of this.
A deposit is paid on signing of the lease and is often 1 month’s rent, although it can be more. It is not to be used as rent, and the lease should state this. The lease should state the timeframe within which the landlord has to return the deposit (or balance of deposit, see below) at the end of the tenancy. Typically this might be 2 weeks or a month.
The deposit is taken and held by the landlord to protect him and his property if problems arise with the tenancy, or if he has to make repairs, pay for cleaning, repairs or other unexpected costs at the end of a tenancy caused by the tenant. This does not include normal wear and tear, which would be the responsibility of the landlord.
If a landlord finds he has such bills to pay he should produce a list of the problems and what they have cost him, with receipts where applicable, and present it to the leaving tenant along with the balance of the deposit. If his costs have been more than the deposit then he can bill the tenant for the outstanding amount.
A good quality inventory at the start of the tenancy along with a tenant taking care of the landlord’s property and returning it to him in the same condition should result in the return of the deposit in full.
There can be occasions when the landlord and tenant may fall into disagreement, for example
- The landlord does not allow the tenant to have proper enjoyment of the property
- The tenant does not look after the property to the landlord’s expectations
- The tenant allows extra people not mentioned in the lease to live at the property
- With no discussion the landlord changes conditions at the property without changing the lease
- At the end of a tenancy landlord and tenant have different perceptions of what part of the deposit should be returned to the tenant.
Usually the best way to resolve any dispute is to talk to each other and listen to each other. Aim to reach a compromise. If a dispute is allowed to escalate it can cause very bad feeling, and cost both sides a lot of money in advocates’ fees.
If a compromise has not been reached there are several approaches that could be taken.
- Use the petty debts court to recover money where is it owing.
- Go to arbitration. This involves using an arbitrator and can be extremely costly.
- GPRLA can provide (through individual experienced landlords who are members of GPRLA’s voluntary Council, rather than as an association) a free, confidential, impartial, unbiased mediation service, with the aim of landlord and tenant reaching agreement.
Try a reputable estate agent or letting agent, the Guernsey Press, Guernsey Homefinder, Facebook Guernsey Properties area, or by going to ‘Contact us’ on the GPRLA website and telling us your requirements which will be forwarded to our members.